by Thomas Watson, 1660
“Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.”
“Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted.”
“Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth.”
“Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied.”
“Blessed are the merciful, for they shall receive mercy.”
“Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God.”
“Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons of God.”
“Blessed are those who are persecuted, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven
Poverty of Spirit (Continued)
2. Kings have their ROBES. The robe is a garment with which Kings are arrayed. ‘The King of Israel and the King of Judah sat clothed in their robes’ (2 Chronicles 18:9). The robe was of scarlet or velvet lined with ermine, sometimes of a purple color; sometimes of an azure brightness. Thus the saints shall have their robes. ‘I beheld a great multitude which no man could number of all nations and kindreds, clothed in white robes’ (Revelation 7:9). The saints’ robes signify their glory and splendor; white robes denote their sanctity. They have no sin to taint or defile their robes. In these robes they shall shine as the angels!
3. Kings have their SCEPTERS in token of rule and greatness. King Ahasuerus held out to Esther the golden scepter (Esther 5:2); and the saints in glory have their scepter, and ‘palms in their hands’ (Revelation 7). It was a custom of great conquerors to have palm branches in their hand, in token of victory. So the saints, those kings have ‘palms’, an emblem of victory and triumph. They are victors over sin and hell. ‘They overcame by the blood of the Lamb’ (Revelation 12:11).
4. Kings have their THRONES. When Caesar returned from conquering his enemies, there were granted to him four triumphs in token of honor, and there was set for him a chair of ivory in the senate, and a throne in the theater. Just so—the saints in heaven returning from their victories over sin, shall have a throne more rich than ivory or pearl—a throne of glory! (Revelation 3:21).
 This shall be a HIGH throne. It is seated high above all the kings and princes of the earth. Nay, it is far above all heavens (Ephesians 4). There is the airy heaven—which is that space from the earth to the sphere of the moon. There is the starry heaven—the place where the stars are. There is the empyrean heaven, which is called the ‘third heaven’ (2 Corinthians 12:2). In this glorious sublime place, shall the throne of the saints be erected.
 It is a SAFE throne. Other thrones are unsafe; they stand tottering. ‘You have set them in slippery places’ (Psalm 73:18); but the saints’ throne is sure. ‘He who overcomes shall sit with me upon my throne’ (Revelation 3:21). The saints shall sit with Christ. He keeps them safe, that no hand of violence can pull them from their throne. O people of God, think of this—you shall shortly sit upon the heavenly throne with Jesus!
B. Having shown wherein the saints in glory are like kings—let us see wherein the kingdom of heaven excels other kingdoms.
1. It excels in the FOUNDER and MAKER. Other kingdoms have men for their builders—but this kingdom has God for its builder! (Hebrews 11:10). Heaven is said to be ‘made without hands’ (2 Corinthians 5:1), to show the excellency of it. Neither man nor angel could ever lay stone in this building. God erects this kingdom. Its ‘builder and maker is God’.
2. This kingdom excels in the RICHES of it. Gold does not so much surpass iron—as this kingdom surpasses all other riches. ‘The gates are of pearl’ (Revelation 21:21). ‘And the foundations of the wall of it are garnished with all precious stones’ (verse 19). It is enough for cabinets to have pearl; but were ‘gates of pearl’ ever heard of before? It is said that ‘Kings shall throw down their crowns and scepters before it (Revelation 4:10), as counting all their glory and riches but dust—in comparison of it. This kingdom has deity itself to enrich it, and these riches are such as cannot be weighed in the balance; neither the heart of man can conceive, nor the tongue of angel express the magnificence of the heavenly kingdom!
3. This kingdom excels in the PERFECTION of it. Other kingdoms are defective. They have not all provisions within themselves, nor have they all commodities of their own growth—but are forced to trade abroad to supply their needs at home. King Solomon sent for gold to Ophir (2 Chronicles 8:18). But there is no defect in the kingdom of heaven! Here are all delights and rarities to be had! ‘He who overcomes shall inherit all things!’ (Revelation 21:7). Here is beauty, wisdom, glory and magnificence. Here is the Tree of Life in the midst of this paradise. All things are to be found here—but sin and sorrow—the absence whereof adds to the blessedness of this kingdom!
4. This kingdom excels in SECURITY. Other kingdoms fear either foreign invasions or internal divisions. Solomon’s kingdom was peaceable a while—but at last he had an alarum given him by the enemy (1 Kings 11:11,14). But the kingdom of heaven is so impregnable, that it fears no hostile assaults or inroads. The devils are said to be locked up in chains (Jude 6). The saints in heaven shall no more need fear them than a man fears a thief who is hanged up in chains. The gates of this celestial kingdom ‘are not shut’ (Revelation 21:25). We shut the gates of the city in a time of danger—but the gates of that kingdom always stand open—to show that there is no fear of the approach of an enemy. The kingdom has gates for the magnificence of it—but the gates are not shut because of the security of it.
5. This kingdom excels in its STABILITY. Other kingdoms have vanity written upon them. They cease and are changed; though they may have a head of gold—yet feet of clay. ‘I will cause the kingdom to cease’ (Hosea 1:4). Where is the glory of Athens? the pomp of Troy? What is become of the Assyrian, Grecian, Persian monarchy? Those kingdoms are demolished and laid in the dust! But the kingdom of heaven has eternity written upon it! It is an ‘everlasting kingdom’ (2 Peter 1:11). Other kingdoms may be lasting—but not everlasting. The apostle calls it ‘a kingdom which cannot be shaken’ (Hebrews 12:28). It is fastened upon a strong foundation—the omnipotence of God. It runs parallel with eternity. ‘They shall reign forever and ever!’ (Revelation 22:5).