How Mayflower Compact Influenced the American Concept of Rule of Law

How Mayflower Compact Influenced the American Concept of Rule of Law

How Mayflower Compact Influenced the American Concept of Rule of Law
A painting by Edward Percy Moran (1862-1935), from circa 1900, depicts the signing of the Mayflower Compact by Myles Standish, William Bradford, William Brewster, and John Carver aboard the Mayflower in November 1620. (Photo: Bettman/Getty Images)

Angela Sailor

A group of scholars meets this week to discuss the impact of the Mayflower Compact—signed 400 years ago last week, on Nov. 11, 1620—on the American concept of the rule of law.

The Heritage Foundation and the Religious Freedom Institute are co-hosting the second event in a webinar series exploring the major themes in one of America’s neglected founding documents.

“The Mayflower Compact reaffirmed one of the fundamental ideas of the Magna Carta; namely, that no political society could flourish without respect for the rule of law,” said Kim Holmes, executive vice president of The Heritage Foundation…


Daily Devotional – Understanding by the Light

Breaking Dawn - Loch Rusky | Loch Rusky is a small loch in t… | Flickr
Loch Rusky is a small loch in the Trossachs area of Scotland. In winter the low sun rises behind the trees giving a spectacular almost infinity view announcing the Entrance of a new day in Glorious Light.

Psalm 119:130

AMP and RVR 1960


I seem to be stuck on a theme of understanding and knowledge as it relates to God’s Word. I suppose there are worse things to ponder. 

It is always hard to put the 119th psalm in context because it does not follow the pattern of most other books and Chapters written in the bible. An overarching theme might be “The delight, meditation and prayer upon God’s Law” (word, precepts etc.).

The following two commentaries give a good overview unto this psalm: 

Enduring Word Commentary

Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise)v.129-136

The wonders of redeeming love will fix the heart in adoration of them. The Scriptures show us what we were, what we are, and what we shall be. They show us the mercy and the justice of the Lord, the joys of heaven, and the pains of hell. Thus they give to the simple, in a few days, understanding of those matters, which philosophers for ages sought in vain. The believer, wearied with the cares of life and his conflicts with sin, pants for the consolations conveyed to him by means of the sacred word. And every one may pray, Look thou upon me, and be merciful unto me as thou usest to do unto those that love thy name. We must beg that the Holy Spirit would order our steps. The dominion of sin is to be dreaded and prayed against by every one. The oppression of men is often more than flesh and blood can bear; and He who knoweth our frame, will not refuse to remove it in answer to the prayers of his people. Whatever obscurity may appear as to the faith of the Old Testament believers, their confidence at the throne of grace can only be explained by their having obtained more distinct views of gospel privileges, through the sacrifices and services of their law, than is generally imagined. Go to the same place, plead the name and merits of Jesus, and you will not, you cannot plead in vain. Commonly, where there is a gracious heart, there is a weeping eye. Accept, O Lord, the tears our blessed Redeemer shed in the days of his flesh, for us who should weep for our brethren or ourselves.


The entrance- I must admit this is one instance where my loved KJV has a poor rendering, especially for modern understanding. But if we consider that most biblical entrances refer to pulling back a curtain to reveal something, it makes a little more sense. Most modern versions render it “unfolding” some “the revelation” and still others “the teaching”

of thy words – What is it that requires this revelation, the pulling back of the curtain from God?  His Words, here meaning in context of the Psalm all His precepts and laws. 

giveth light; – –Condensed from Thomas Manton

    1. — Light. This “light” hath excellent properties.
    2. It is lux manifestans, it manifests itself and all things else. How do I see the sun, but by the sun, by its own light? How do I know the Scripture to be the word of God, but by the light that shineth in it, commending itself to my conscience! So it manifests all things else; it layeth open all frauds and impostures of Satan, the vanity of worldly things, the deceits of the heart, the odiousness of sin.
    3. It is lux dirigens, a directing light, that we may see our way and work. As the sun lighteth man to his labour, so doth this direct us in all our conditions: Ps 119:
    4. It directs us how to manage ourselves in all conditions.
    5. It is lux vivificans, a quickening light. “I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life”: Joh 8:
    6. “Awake thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead, and Christ shall give thee light”: Eph 5:
    7. That light was the life of men: so is this spiritual life; it not only discovereth the object, but helpeth the faculty, filleth the soul with life and strength.
    8. It is lux exhilarans, a comforting, refreshing, cheering light; and that in two respects.
      1. Because it presents us with excellent grounds of comfort.
      2. Because it is a soul satisfying light.

it giveth understanding – Man in his natural sinful state can not understand the need or reason for the word of God 2 Corinthians 4:1-6 for they have been blinded to the truth. 

Also see Romans 8:7 and 1 Corinthians 2:14

unto the simple –  Note that the Psalmist does not say to the wise or worthy but to the simple. By simple it is meant to mean those who are child like in their understanding and desire to learn. The proud and wise think they know it all, but the child will drive you crazy with questions like how come, why and are we there yet :). 


God does not and will not reveal the knowledge and understanding of His word to the Pharisees and Scribes of this day. There are many in the church who have brain knowledge and no heart knowledge, they know about God and know nothing of God. They remain in the darkness.

God’s word is a light, it reveals to us the knowledge and understanding of our Lord and Saviour our Father Creator we only need pray and ask God to pull back the curtain and share His Understanding by Light.

Pastors: Basic Questions about Authority

Pastors Must Lead in Pandemic Response by Asking Most Basic Questions about Authority and Law, Separation of Powers, Says American Pastors Network

Rohrer: ‘Only Lawmakers Have the Authority To Make Laws. Our Middle Schoolers Know This —But Do Their Parents? Do Their Pastors?’

As states experiencing increases in the number of patients testing positive for coronavirus, reprisals of mandates arising out of limited duration and questionable executive branch ‘emergency powers’ threaten to become the new normal. Although pockets of Americans continue to dispute the sweeping regulatory powers that non-legislative bodies are wielding, many are blindly yielding to these unlawful demands. Others are asking if resistance is possible or how it should be done.

Pastor and statesman Sam Rohrer says that’s because they’re asking the wrong question.

“The question each human being should start with precedes questions about the efficacy, consistency with medical science and basic truth regarding face masks, church and business closures or social distancing — although asking substantive questions about these policies will certainly illuminate whether mandating those measures is even justifiable.” Rohrer said.



The Life Which I Now Live

I theory there are two ways to righteousness. I say theory because the 1st is impossible, that is under the law (Old Testament) to live a perfect sinless life. Secondly and more practical, you can have Christ live your life for you and no longer be under the law. 

Paul in his letter to the church at Galatia says in Chapter 2:

19 For I through the law am dead to the law, that I might live unto God.

20 I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me. Galatians 2:20

21 I do not frustrate the grace of God: for if righteousness come by the law, then Christ is dead in vain.

The question is what life are you living today?

Daily Devotional – Slaves of Sin or Slaves of Christ PT.I

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What then? Shall we sin because we are not under law but under grace? Certainly not! 16 Do you not know that to whom you present yourselves slaves to obey, you are that one’s slaves whom you obey, whether of sin leading to death, or of obedience leading to righteousness? 17 But God be thanked that though you were slaves of sin, yet you obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine to which you were [a]delivered. 18 And having been set free from sin, you became slaves of righteousness. 19 I speak in human terms because of the weakness of your flesh. For just as you presented your members as slaves of uncleanness, and of lawlessness leading to more lawlessness, so now present your  members as slaves of righteousness [b]for holiness. 20 For when you were slaves of sin, you were free in regard to righteousness. 21 What fruit did you have then in the things of which you are now ashamed? For the end of those things is death. 22 But now having been set free from sin, and having become slaves of God, you have your fruit [c]to holiness, and the end, everlasting life. 23 For the wages of sin is death, but the [d]gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord. (NKJV) 

 ¿Qué, pues? ¿Pecaremos, porque no estamos bajo la ley, sino bajo la gracia? En ninguna manera. 16 ¿No sabéis que si os sometéis a alguien como esclavos para obedecerle, sois esclavos de aquel a quien obedecéis, sea del pecado para muerte, o sea de la obediencia para justicia? 17 Pero gracias a Dios, que aunque erais esclavos del pecado, habéis obedecido de corazón a aquella forma de doctrina a la cual fuisteis entregados; 18 y libertados del pecado, vinisteis a ser siervos de la justicia. 19 Hablo como humano, por vuestra humana debilidad; que así como para iniquidad presentasteis vuestros miembros para servir a la inmundicia y a la iniquidad, así ahora para santificación presentad vuestros miembros para servir a la justicia. 20 Porque cuando erais esclavos del pecado, erais libres acerca de la justicia. 21 ¿Pero qué fruto teníais de aquellas cosas de las cuales ahora os avergonzáis? Porque el fin de ellas es muerte. 22 Mas ahora que habéis sido libertados del pecado y hechos siervos de Dios, tenéis por vuestro fruto la santificación, y como fin, la vida eterna. 23 Porque la paga del pecado es muerte, mas la dádiva de Dios es vida eterna en Cristo Jesús Señor nuestro. (RVR 1960)

This week I have decided to take one passage of scripture concentrate on that and  really dig into it. 


     The Apostle Paul is about 3/4 of his way through his discussion (Chapters 1-8) on the Foundations and Fundamentals of the Christian Faith.  He ended Chapter 5:12-21 with an explanation of how as believers we are dead because of our natural sin nature but made alive in Christ. 

 Paul continues that thought in Chapter 6:1-14  explaining how if we are alive in Christ we are dead to sin. He is careful to point out that this does not mean without sin but our sin nature is dead. We are not to present ourselves as instruments of sin, but humbly as tools of righteousness. That it does not reign in us any longer that is reserved for Christ Alone through Grace Alone. 

    That leads us to our main text above. 

What then? Shall we sin because we are not under law but under grace? Certainly not! 

Paul draws the obvious conclusion, just because we are not obligated under the “law” and are redeemed under Grace that does not give us a ‘licence to sin’. We have all heard the expression “Once saved always saved” and the arguments for and against it. The chief argument against that I have always heard is that it gives someone that license to sin. My response is then they were never saved, for we will know them by their fruit. 

Do you not know that to whom you present yourselves slaves to obey, you are that one’s slaves whom you obey, whether of sin leading to death, or of obedience leading to righteousness?

I have been asked about this passage by many a non-believer, usually something to the effect ‘why would you want to be someones slave.’ They have the mistaken picture of Hollywood tortured and mistreated slaves. This is not the slavery Paul speaks of when he writes: whom you present yourselves slaves to obey. Note it is we presenting ourselves, the original languages make it clear this is a willing act not a forced action. Paul is saying whom is it you are going to obey sin and death or obedience and life eternal?

A true converted, redeemed child of God will ALWAYS be a SLAVE to Christ and LIFE. 

Great Peace

165 Great peace have they which love thy law: and nothing shall offend them. Psalm 119:165

Mucha paz tienen los que aman tu ley,
Y no hay para ellos tropiezo. (RVR 1960) 

Everyone wants peace, whether it is personal peace for their lives, their loved ones the nation or the world folks often pray for peace. Interestingly the bible (KJV) uses the word peace 429 times but only tells us directly once to pray for peace, Psalm 122:6:

Pray for the peace of Jerusalem: they shall prosper that love thee.

Pedid por la paz de Jerusalén; Sean prosperados los que te aman

Our text this morning however speaks of the first type of peace I mentioned, personal. It say those that love the law, that is God’s law, His precepts, will find peace. Sounds pretty simple does it not. Love God, Love His rules (law) and peace will be yours. Yet nothing in life is ever easy is it? You see we have a sin nature that we have to continually work out and a real jerk of a fallen angel, Satan, to contend with all the while dealing with our daily life too. 

I want to make some observations here:

    • This is not saying anything about those keeping the law perfectly, we know this is impossible
    • This promise is for those who wholeheartedly love God and His law
    • For those who repent and try even harder when they fail
    • Nothing that Satan or the world throws at them will offend or discourage them 
    • This promise is for true converts, those whom the Fruit of the Spirit is clearly seen in 


Learn the true wisdom of those of you who are new creatures, and who love God’s holy law. All of you who are really brought to Christ are changed into his image, so that you love God’s holy law. “I delight in the law of God after the inward man.” “The statutes of the Lord are right, rejoicing the heart”: Psalm 19. The world says: What a slave you are! you cannot have a little amusement on the Sabbath — you cannot take a Sabbath walk, or join a Sabbath tea party; you cannot go to a dance or a theater; you cannot enjoy the pleasures of sensual indulgence — you are a slave. I answer: Christ had none of these pleasures. He did not want them: nor do we. He knew what was truly wise, and good, and happy, and he chose God’s holy law. He was the freest of all beings, and yet he knew no sin. Only make me free as Christ is free — this is all I ask. “Great peace have they which love thy law: and nothing shall offend them.” —Robert Murray M Cheyne, 1813-1843.

Nothing shall offend them. They that have this character of God’s children, will not the stumbled at God’s dispensations, let them he never so cross to their desires, because they have a God to fly unto in all their troubles, and a sure covenant to rest upon. Therefore the reproaches cast upon them, and on the way of God, do not scandalize them; for they have found God in that very way which others speak evil of; they are not so offended by anything that attends the way of God, as to dislike or forsake that way. Nevertheless we must take heed that we be not offended. —John Bunyan.



Appoint magistrates and judges – Ezra 7:25(R.V.)

Ye shall hear the small as well as the great – Deuteronomy 1:17

Laws are better unmade than unkept. – Henry Smith

A magistrates couchant {shutting of one’s eyes} makes offenders rampant. – Thomas Hall


He had respect unto recompense of the reward – Hebrews 11:26

Meditation of the reward is a good place for our souls to bait at; but a bad place for our souls to lodge in. – Thomas Fuller

God is a better paymaster than the earth. – Thomas Adams

Taken from: The Puritans Day by Day © The Banner of Truth Trust 2016

Check out our Faithful Steward Ministry Facebook page and Dr. Martyn Lloyd-Jones excellent, “Walking with God”, daily devotional. The topics are



By the law is the knowledge of sin – Romans 3:20

What the law could not do – Romans 8:3

The law may express sin but cannot suppress sin. – John Adams

The law thou it have no power to condemn us, hath power to command us. – Thomas Adams

The law is the light and the commandment the lantern. – William Austin

Taken from: The Puritans Day by Day © The Banner of Truth Trust 2016

Check out our Faithful Steward Ministry Facebook page and

Dr. Martyn Lloyd-Jones excellent “Walking with God” daily devotional.



 By the law is the knowledge of sin – Romans 3:20

What the law could not do – Romans 8:3

 The law is light, lex ast lux {law is light} – Thomas Adams

The law may express sin but it cannot suppress sin. – Tomas Adams

           The law, though it have no power to condemn us, hath power to command us. – Thomas Adams

 Taken from: The Puritans Day by Day © The Banner of Truth Trust 2016

Check out our Faithful Steward Ministry Facebook page and

Dr. Martyn Lloyd-Jones excellent “Walking with God” daily devotional



 Lean not unto they own understanding – Proverbs 3:5

 Sober minded – Titus 2:6

 Our understandings are so bad that they understand not their own business. – Thomas Fuller.

 Our greatest sins are those of the mind. – Thomas Goodwin

 The mind like the Ark, should be the chest of the law. – Thomas Manton

 Taken from: The Puritans Day by Day © The Banner of Truth Trust 2016

Check out our Faithful Steward Ministry Facebook page and

Dr. Martyn Lloyd-Jones excellent “Walking with God” daily devotional.