Does the Bible say anything about Russia in relation to the end times?

First, let me clarify something. We have been in the “end times” that is the time of Christ’s anticipated return, since the day of His departure. Are we closer to that day, NO ONE KNOWS! All of Matthew 24, but especially Matthew 24:34-38, make it clear (among other scripture) that only the Triune God Himself knows that day, and anyone who tries and foretells it we are to be cautious around.

Sharing the message “the sky is falling” does no one any good. Sharing the Gospel (and thanking God for the promise of Christ’s return) is what we are called to do and there is a distinct difference.

The following articles are shared to help in furthering our understanding our the “end times.” Note not all commentators agree that Russia is Magog.

Please see our podcast, recorded yesterday and published today, on Does the war between Russian and Ukraine have any connection to the end times?

As of this writing, Russia has begun an outright invasion of Ukraine. We have received many questions about this conflict. An especially common thread is curiosity about whether this is a sign of the end times. Our ministry’s emphasis is on biblical understanding, not geopolitical events. Given that, and how quickly current events can change, we can only offer a broad understanding of the situation.

Christians should pray for peace on behalf of the Ukrainian people (1 Timothy 2:1–2; Romans 12:18). The same should apply to the people of Russia—who, by and large, are not involved in their government’s decisions in this matter (Proverbs 29:2). War is never anything but a tragedy that should grieve believers in Christ. In so far as we can ease the suffering of those caught in such conflicts, we should do so (Matthew 25:34–40). Of special emphasis should be Christian brothers and sisters caught up in military violence.

Believers should not respond to these events with panic. God is ultimately in control. Even if such things are fulfillment of the end times Bible prophecy, those affairs are already part of God’s plan. Christians should always be praying, serving, and seeking as if the end was imminent, with confidence rather than despair (James 4:14; 2 Timothy 1:7; Matthew 28:20).

Russia’s role in the end times is mostly described in connection to attacks on Israel. The current conflict does not appear—as of this writing—to be related to the “Gog and Magog” references in the Bible (see more in the article below). Likewise, there seems to be no reasonable evidence linking Vladimir Putin to the figure known as the antichrist.

For additional background, please see the below articles:

What does it mean that there will be wars and rumors of wars before the end times?
Does the Bible say anything about Russia in relation to the end times? (this article is below)
What are Gog and Magog?
Are we living in the end times?
Does Bible prophecy predict that there will be a World War 3 before the end times?

Question: “Does the Bible say anything about Russia in relation to the end times?”

With Russia back in the news in a big way, many people are wondering if recent events in eastern Europe have anything to do with end-times prophecy—and, if so, how? Much of the discussion has to do with an ancient prophecy from Ezekiel: “The word of the Lord came to me: ‘Son of man, set your face against Gog, of the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshek and Tubal; prophesy against him and say: “This is what the Sovereign Lord says: I am against you, Gog, chief prince of Meshek and Tubal”’” (Ezekiel 38:1–3). The identities of “Gog,” “Magog,” “Meshek,” and “Tubal” are the key to fully understanding the prophecy.

Gog is a person. Whoever Gog is, he is from the land of Magog and is the leader of Tubal and Meshek (some translations add “Rosh” to the list) and a confederacy of other nations: Persia, Cush, Put, Gomer, and Beth Togarmah (Ezekiel 38:5–6). And, whoever he is, he will have plans to “attack a peaceful and unsuspecting people,” viz., Israel (verses 11, 14, and 18). But, regardless of Gog’s plans, the Lord God is against him and will defeat him soundly (Ezekiel 38:4, 19–23; 39:3–5).

Magog is a land “in the far north,” from Israel’s point of view (Ezekiel 38:15; 39:2). Most Bible commentators interpret “Magog” as Russia—and, indeed, Russia is straight north of Israel, all the way up to the Arctic Circle. According to this view, “Rosh” is a reference to Russia, “Meshek” is either Moscow or the people north of the Black Sea (the area of southern Russia and Ukraine), and “Tubal,” which is always listed with Meshek in Scripture, is identified as a city in Siberia or an area in central Turkey.

Others see “Magog” as a general term used in Ezekiel’s day to identify barbarians living near the Black and Caspian Seas. Regardless of the exact locations of Magog, Tubal, and Meshek, there is no doubt that the general area includes portions of Russia and the former Soviet Union, and possibly some Arab countries.

So, yes, the Bible does mention Russia, although not by that name, in connection with the end times. Ezekiel 38—39 definitely refers to a nation coming from northern Asia to attack Israel. After the Cold War, Russia lost its superpower status, making the fulfillment of Ezekiel’s prophecy seem unlikely in some people’s eyes. However, recent events have shown that Russia is gaining strength, and many believe that the invasion of Ukraine is just a first step in Russia’s plan to restore its dominance in that hemisphere. It is also interesting to note that, in the Soviet era, Moscow was solidly aligned with several Muslim countries in opposition to Israel. Since the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russia has continued to make overtures to the Muslim world.

According to the Bible, there will come a time when Russia, in alliance with several other countries, will amass a huge army against Israel, with a view to plunder the Jews’ land. The nations aligned with Russia for this military endeavor are Persia (modern-day Iran), Put (modern-day Libya), Cush (modern-day Sudan), Gomer (part of modern-day Turkey), and Beth Togarmah (Armenia). Most of these nations are currently militant Islamic states with an express hatred of Israel. Ezekiel says that, when the aggressors move against Israel, a few other nations (“Sheba and Dedan and the merchants of Tarshish”) will remonstrate, as will “all her villages”—possibly colonies (Ezekiel 38:13). Sheba and Dedan are associated with areas of northern Africa. Tarshish could be a reference to Spain (which colonized much of South America), Britain (which colonized the United States), or somewhere in eastern Africa. The objections to Magog’s aggression will fall on deaf ears, however, and the invasion will continue.

Some commentators believe this war is one of the events leading up to beginning of the tribulation. Others believe it will occur close to the midpoint of the tribulation, since Israel will be “dwelling without walls, and having neither bars nor gates” (Ezekiel 38:11)—in other words, Israel will feel secure at that time, possibly because of the covenant they have signed with the Antichrist (Daniel 9:27). Either way, this battle is distinct from the Battle of Armageddon, which occurs at the end of the tribulation.

God promises to destroy Gog’s army: “I will execute judgment on him with plague and bloodshed; I will pour down torrents of rain, hailstones and burning sulfur on him and on his troops and on the many nations with him” (Ezekiel 38:22). The bodies of the fallen army of Magog will be buried, but it will take over seven months to complete the macabre task (Ezekiel 39:12, 14). This supernatural judgment will have the effect of preserving Israel and turning many hearts to God: “And so I will show my greatness and my holiness, and I will make myself known in the sight of many nations. Then they will know that I am the Lord” (Ezekiel 38:23). Many will be saved during the tribulation (Revelation 7), and the fulfillment of Ezekiel 38—39 will be one means by which God will bring people to a knowledge of Himself.

There is much we do not know for certain about Ezekiel’s prophecy, including the timing of these events. However, it is clear that Russia will be involved and will in fact lead an end-times league of nations to seize Israel’s land. The prophet Ezekiel comforts Israel in much the same way as Moses had centuries ago: “The LORD your God is the one who goes with you to fight for you against your enemies to give you victory” (Deuteronomy 20:4).

Thank God for the Assurance you have of Christ’s Second Coming

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